Toshiba Corporation - a large multinational corporation with headquarters in Tokyo, Japan. Diversified product portfolio includes equipment and in the field of IT and communications systems, electronic components and materials, power systems, industrial and social infrastructure systems, consumer electronics, household appliances, medical equipment, office solutions in the field of lighting products and logistics services. In 2015 the company took 157 place in the ranking of Fortune Global 500.
Company Tokyo Shibaura Denki was established in 1939 through the merger of Shibaura Seisakusho and Tokyo Denki. At that time, both companies have the technological leaders in the industry: Shibaura Seisakusho - the first manufacturer of telegraph equipment in Japan, Tokyo Denki - Japan's first manufacturer of incandescent light bulbs. In 1978, the official name of the company was reduced to Toshiba Corporation.
In the 40s and 50s Corporation organically grown, largely due to the acquisition of companies from related industries. Since 60-ies formed business group and highlights the company's Toshiba Music Industries / Toshiba EMI (1960), Toshiba International Corporation (1970), Toshiba Electrical Equipment (1974), Toshiba Chemical (1974) , Toshiba Lighting and Technology (1989), Toshiba America Information Systems (1989) and Toshiba Carrier Corporation (1999).
1977 - Toshiba acquires Brazilian company Semp (Sociedade Eletromercantil Paulista) and by combining the resources of two businesses in South America, creates a company Semp Toshiba.
In 1987, a subsidiary Tocibai Machine accused of supplying the USSR machines for milling bypass solution "Coordinating Committee on Export Controls" - equipment used by the Soviet Union for the production of ultra-quiet submarines.
In XX century, Toshiba Corporation was the developer of a number of Japanese innovation. In particular, on account of its Japan's first fluorescent lamp (1940), transistor television and microwave oven (both - 1959), word processing (1979). Some developments of the company became the first in the world - for example, a color videophone (1970), laptop (1985), 16-megabit of NAND (1992), the mechanism of graphic compression MPEG-4 (1998), the quietest in world MRI apparatus (1999).